Trampolining Glossary

Learn the Lingo! Trampolining Glossary / dictionary of commonly used terms and names of moves/skills.

Beginners Stuff

Trampoline The apparatus on which a trampolinist bounces. Consists of a frame, a bed or mat, and springs.
Frame Major metal parts of the trampoline, including the legs.
Bed The sprung part of a trampoline on which trampolinists jump. Also called a Mat. The cheaper Australian ones (Action) are yellow with red markings and made of nylon string/twine, and the more expensive European ones (Eurotramp) are white with red markings and made of 4mm wide reinforced woven material.
Coverall Pads High-density foam filled pads which completely cover the frame and springs for safety, usually secured with velcro.
End Deck A large, thick mat that sits on a frame at each end of the trampoline to cushion the impact if anyone falls from the apparatus. Also known as "Flyaway" or "Safety Platform".
Push-In Mat A foam filled mat that a Coach might use to reduce the rebound of a trampolinist when developing a new move. It is not a substitute for proper coaching of technique. Also known as "Throw-In Mat".
Double Mini
[DMT]
Double Mini Trampoline. An elongated version of a "Mini" trampoline that is open at either end. The gymnast performs one or two skills on the double-mini, and one skill as a dismount, landing on a crash mat.
Basic Bounce Where you face either one of the short ends, square on, jump straight up and down with the legs straight and together, toes pointed, swinging your arms in a backwards circle (up the front and down the sides).
Tuck A position where the knees are bent and drawn into the chest, with the upper body folded at the waist at angle of greater than 45 degrees from the upper legs.
Tucked Jump Move showing the "Tuck" shape alone, ie. no rotation or twist.
Pike A position where the body is bent forward at the hips to 90 degrees or more while the legs are kept straight, with the thighs close to the upper body.
Piked Jump Move showing the "Piked" shape alone, ie. no rotation or twist.
Straddle A position where the legs are split at least shoulder width apart and the legs are kept straight whilst the upper body is aligned forward at the hips at an angle greater than 45 degrees.
Straddled Jump Move showing the "Straddle" shape alone, ie. no rotation or twist.
Straight A position where the body is extended in a straight line, technically defined as the upper body and the legs being positioned at an angle of more than 135 degrees.
Twist Rotation around the body's longitudinal axis, roughly defined by the spine.
Half Twist Jump A move whereby a trampolinist rotates 180 degrees around the body's longitudinal axis, finishes facing the opposite end of the trampoline.
Full Twist Jump A move whereby a trampolinist rotates 360 degrees around the body's longitudinal axis, finishes facing the same end of the trampoline.
Seat Drop Landing in a sitting down position with the legs pointing straight ahead, and hands beside the hips supporting the back.
Swivel Hips A move starting on the seat, a half twist in upright position, landing again on seat.
Roller A move starting on the Seat, Full Twist To Seat Drop
Front Drop Landing on the stomach, or front, with legs straight and together and hands under chin.
Back Drop Landing on the back with legs together and arms & legs pointing upward.
Airplane Half twist to front drop (backwards take-off).
Barrel Roll A move starting on the stomach, with one full twist, landing again on the stomach; also known as a "Log Roll".
Log Roll A move starting on the stomach, with one full twist, landing again on the stomach; also known as a "Barrel Roll".
Half Turntable A move starting on the stomach, 180 degrees of Side Somersault, landing again on the stomach facing the opposite end of the trampoline.
Turntable A move starting on the stomach, a complete Side Somersault, landing again on the stomach.
Cradle A move starting on the back, half Front Somersault With half Twist To back.
Back Pullover A move starting on the back, three-quarter Back Somersault To Feet.
Cat Twist A move starting on the back, with one full twist, landing again on the back.
Corkscrew A move starting on the back, half Front Somersault With 1 and a half Twists To back.
Three-Quarter Front Three-quarter Front Somersault (tucked or piked), starting from feet landing on the back. Also known as 'Forward Turnover'. A specific variant in the straight position is termed a "Crash Dive".
Crash Dive Three-quarter Front Somersault (Straight).
Somersault An acrobatic movement where the body makes a complete revolution, heels over head; also known as a "summy" or a "sault".
Front Somersault A forward initiated Somersault.
Back Somersault A backward initiated Somersault.
Add-On Trampoline Game. Every player has to repeat all skills of those that went before in the correct order and append an additional skill at the end; also known as "Tag" or "The Game".
Longitudinal Axis Axis from head through the body to the toes, around which twisting is done.
Kip Assistance given by a Coach whilst on the Bed; can be used to increase, neutralise or lower the trampolinist's bouncing height.
Skill A specific move that has a recognised way of performance and technical value.
Routine A combination of movements or manoeuvres displaying a specific range of skills.
Set A Pre-designed routine that contain specific skills / moves required of the trampolinist. Also known as "Compulsory".
Compulsory Pre-designed routine that contain specific skills / moves required of the trampolinist. Also known as "Set".
Element A component part of a skill that has a recognised way of performance.
Execution 1. the performance of a routine.
2. the form, style and technique used to complete the skills included in a routine.
Degree of Difficulty [DD] A rating that measures the difficulty of specific moves and is factored into the total score after judges have scored the execution of the moves; also known as Tariff.
Tariff A rating that measures the difficulty of specific moves and is factored into the total score after judges have scored the execution of the moves; also known as 'Degree of Difficulty [DD]'.
Synchro Synchronised Trampolining. Two people jumping on separate trampolines in time with each other. They must perform identical moves or skills.
De-Synchronisation Scoring how much the pair of Synchro trampolinists are out of 'tempo' with each other, judged by the difference in height of the landing.
F.I.G. Federation Internationale Gymnastique, the organizing body for international gymnastics competitions including the Olympics. F.I.G. makes the rules, trains and certifies judges, and determines how competitions are run.

Intermediate Stuff

Barani A front Somersault with a half-twist. Named after Italian circus acrobat and tumbler Alfonso Baroni who "invented" it around 1881.
Bounce-Roll A move starting on the back, with a Front Somersault, landing again on the back. Also called a rebound.
Ball Out A move starting on the back, 1 and a quarter Front Somersault to feet
Ball Out - Barani A move starting on the back, 1 and a quarter Front Somersault with a late half twist.
Barani - Ball Out Misleading (silly - wrong) name for Ball Out - Barani.
Cast A not quite square takeoff. Movement towards either long side of the Trampoline frame during a move.
Cody A move starting on the stomach, 1 and a quarter Back Somersault to feet. Named after Joe Kotys of Ohio USA, one of the few persons to compete internationally in both Trampoline and Gymnastics. In Australia it can also mean a forward three-quarter somersault from front to feet.
Full Full Twisting Back Somersault
Kaboom Somersault from front (or back) landing, where a double contact is made. The legs hit the trampoline bed momentarily after the body, reversing the rotation generated from the body.
Kick Out Extension of the legs to straight body position after the shape phase of a somersault is completed. Also called a Line Out
Lateral Axis Axis roughly defined as through the hips, around which front and back somersaults are done.
Layout A straight (or slightly arched) position of the body.
Lazy Back A three-quarter Back Somersault, from feet, landing on the front. Usually followed by a back cody.
Lost Move Psychological condition where the performer loses the awareness and technique of a particular move.
One and Three A one and three quarter front somersault, landing on the back. Usually followed by a ball-out of some sort.
Overhead Rig Overhead apparatus with a belt, ropes, pulleys and fittings allowing the coach to provide remote support for a move whilst learning (usually used for somersaults).
Rudolph A Front Somersault with 1 and a half twists; also known as a "Rudy". Named afer Dave Roudolph who executed it on a trampoline in the late 1920's in Vaudeville.
Rudy A Front Somersault with 1 and a half twists; also known as a "Rudolph".
Side Somersault A 360 degree rotation around an axis passing through the navel (Dorso-Ventricle Axis).
Travel 1. Movement away from the centre of the bed, with appropriate form deduction.
2. Movement along the bed in the same direction as the shoulders in Somersault rotation, ie. travelling backwards in a back somersault.

Advanced Stuff

Fliffis Any double Somersault combined with a component of twist.
Triffis [or Triff] Any triple Somersault combined with a component of twist.
Quadriffis Any quadruple Somersault combined with a component of twist.
Randolph A Front Somersault with 2 and a half twists; also known as a "Randy".
Randy A Front Somersault with 2 and a half twists; also known as a "Randolph".
Adolph A Front Somersault with 3 and a half twists.
Back In - Full Out A double Back Somersault with a full twist performed during the 2nd Somersault.
Ball Out - Adolf A move starting on the back, 1 and a quarter Front Somersault with 3 and a half twists.
Ball Out - Half Out A move starting on the back, 2 and a quarter Front Somersault with a half twist in the 2nd Somersault.
Ball Out - Randy A move starting on the back, 1 and a quarter Front Somersault with 2 and a half twists.
Ball Out - Rudy A move starting on the back, 1 and a quarter Front Somersault with 1 and a half twists.
Barani In - Back Out A double Front Somersault, with a half twist in the 1st Somersault, and no twist in the 2nd Somersault; also known as "Half In - Back Out"
Barani Out A double Front Somersault with a half twist in the 2nd Somersault. More usually known as "Half Out".
Double Back A double Back Somersault without twist.
Double Bounce-Roll A move starting on the back, with a double Front Somersault, landing again on the back.
Double Full A Back Somersault with 2 complete twists. Not to be confused with the term "Full - Full" or more normally "Full In - Full Out".
Full In - Back Out A double Back Somersault with a full twist performed during the 1st Somersault.
Full In - Double Full Out A double Back Somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st Somersault, and 2 twists in the 2nd Somersault; also known as a "Miller".
Full In - Full Out A double Back Somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st Somersault, and 1 twist in the 2nd Somersault.
Full In - Half Out A double Front Somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st Somersault, and half twist in the 2nd Somersault.
Full In - Rudi Out A double Front Somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st Somersault, and 1 and a half twist in the 2nd Somersault.
Full Out A double Back Somersault with a full twist performed during the 2nd Somersault. Also known as "Back In - Full Out".
Half In (- Back Out) A double Front Somersault, with a half twist in the 1st Somersault, and no twist in the 2nd Somersault; also known as "Barani In - Back Out".
Half In - Half Out A double Back Somersault with a half twist in each Somersault.
Half In - Rudi Out A double Back Somersault, with a half twist in the 1st Somersault, and 1 and a half twist in the 2nd Somersault.
Half Out A double Front Somersault with a half twist in the 2nd Somersault. Sometimes known as "Barani Out".
Killer A double Back Somersault with 4 complete twists. Also known as a Miller Plus, and a Poliarush (Dimitri Poliarush - BLR - Winner, 1996 World Championships).
Miller A triple-twisting double Back Somersault, originally performed as "2 and a half In - half Out", nowadays usually performed as "Full In - Double Full Out", with 1 twist in the 1st Somersault, and 2 twists in the 2nd Somersault; Named after Wayne Miller (USA) - Winner, 1966 & 1970 World Championships.
Miller Plus A double Back Somersault with 4 complete twists. Also known as a Killer (sic), and a Poliarush (Dimitri Poliarush - BLR - Winner, 1996 World Championships).
Poliarush A double Back Somersault with 4 complete twists. Named after Dimitri Poliarush (BLR) - Winner, 1996 World Championships.
Puck Semi-tucked shape allowable in competition for multi-twisting multiple somersaults. For competition, the rules require an angle between the body and thighs, and the thighs and lower legs, of 90 degrees - 120 degrees.
Rudi Out A double Front Somersault with 1 and a half twists in the 2nd Somersault".




Action trampoline
Action trampoline

Eurotramp trampoline
Eurotramp trampoline

End deck / flyaway

Double-mini trampoline